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Exploring vast decision spaces, choice overload, genomic evidence for assortative mating, using causal designs from economics in neuroscience, and more

Latest Research

  • Article |

    The attention received by cultural products—including scientific papers, patents, songs, movies and biographies—decays following a biexponential function, suggesting that collective memory follows a universal pattern.

    • Cristian Candia
    • , C. Jara-Figueroa
    • , Carlos Rodriguez-Sickert
    • , Albert-László Barabási
    •  & César A. Hidalgo
  • Letter |

    A new study by Keynan and colleagues provides evidence that training in amygdala self-regulation via EEG neurofeedback (‘electrical fingerprint’) results in neurobehavioural markers of stress resilience in a cohort of individuals undergoing military training.

    • Jackob N. Keynan
    • , Avihay Cohen
    • , Gilan Jackont
    • , Nili Green
    • , Noam Goldway
    • , Alexander Davidov
    • , Yehudit Meir-Hasson
    • , Gal Raz
    • , Nathan Intrator
    • , Eyal Fruchter
    • , Keren Ginat
    • , Eugene Laska
    • , Marc Cavazza
    •  & Talma Hendler
  • Perspective |

    Russ et al. discuss the broad applications of data science to mental health research and consider future ways that big data can improve detection, diagnosis, treatment, healthcare provision and disease management.

    • Tom C. Russ
    • , Eva Woelbert
    • , Katrina A. S. Davis
    • , Jonathan D. Hafferty
    • , Zina Ibrahim
    • , Becky Inkster
    • , Ann John
    • , William Lee
    • , Margaret Maxwell
    • , Andrew M. McIntosh
    • , Rob Stewart
    • , Margaret Anderson
    • , Kate Aylett
    • , Suzy Bourke
    • , Anna Burhouse
    • , Felicity Callard
    • , Kathy Chapman
    • , Matt Cowley
    • , James Cusack
    • , Katrina A. S. Davis
    • , Jaime Delgadillo
    • , Sophie Dix
    • , Richard Dobson
    • , Gary Donohoe
    • , Nadine Dougall
    • , Johnny Downs
    • , Helen Fisher
    • , Amos Folarin
    • , Thomas Foley
    • , John Geddes
    • , Joardana Globerman
    • , Jonathan D. Hafferty
    • , Lamiece Hassan
    • , Joseph Hayes
    • , Helen Hodges
    • , Zina Ibrahim
    • , Becky Inkster
    • , Eddie Jacob
    • , Rowena Jacobs
    • , Ann John
    • , Cynthia Joyce
    • , Suky Kaur
    • , Maximilian Kerz
    • , James Kirkbride
    • , Gerard Leavey
    • , Glyn Lewis
    • , Keith Lloyd
    • , Wendy Matcham
    • , Margaret Maxwell
    • , Erin McCloskey
    • , Andrew M. McIntosh
    • , Andrew McQuillin
    • , Tamsin Newlove Delgado
    • , Catherine Newsome
    • , Kristin Nicodemus
    • , David Porteous
    • , Daniel Ray
    • , Tom C. Russ
    • , Simran Sanhu
    • , Daniel Smith
    • , Robert Stewart
    • , Laura Tutu
    • , Ayath Ullah
    • , Bill Vance
    • , Eva Woelbert
    • , Miranda Wolpert
    • , Cathy Wyse
    •  & Stanley Zammit
  • Letter |

    Randomly informing people that they had a high or low genetic risk of obesity changed their gene-related physiology and subjective experience in a manner consistent with the perceived risk, regardless of their actual genetic risk of obesity.

    • Bradley P. Turnwald
    • , J. Parker Goyer
    • , Danielle Z. Boles
    • , Amy Silder
    • , Scott L. Delp
    •  & Alia J. Crum
  • Letter |

    Analysing the results from four major sports leagues and a multiplayer online game reveals that prior shared success as a team significantly improves the odds of winning beyond what is explained by the skill of individual players.

    • Satyam Mukherjee
    • , Yun Huang
    • , Julia Neidhardt
    • , Brian Uzzi
    •  & Noshir Contractor
  • Perspective |

    How to establish causal links is a central question across scientific disciplines. Marinescu and colleagues describe methods from empirical economics and how they could be adapted across fields, for example, to psychology and neuroscience, to test causality.

    • Ioana E. Marinescu
    • , Patrick N. Lawlor
    •  & Konrad P. Kording

News & Comment

  • News & Views |

    A new study shows that undergoing electroencephalography-based neurofeedback training of amygdala activity leads to an improved ability to regulate emotion in soldiers during combat training, a skill that may prevent future psychiatric disorders.

    • Kymberly D. Young
  • News & Views |

    Cultural products have a life of their own: academic papers get cited and songs get downloaded. Surprisingly, public attention to these products shows a consistent pattern over time: a constant decline characterized by an inflexion point. This pattern might be due to how cultural products are discussed in the community and archived as cultural memories.

    • Alin Coman
  • News & Views |

    Understanding what enables teams to flourish has been the focus of considerable interest across domains of human behaviour. A study finds that, in addition to recruiting and retaining highly skilled members, shared prior success significantly contributes to enhanced team performance.

    • Mark R. Beauchamp

About the Journal

  • Nature Human Behaviour publishes research of outstanding significance into any aspect of human behaviour: its psychological, biological, and social bases, as well as its origins, development, and disorders. The journal aims to enhance the visibility of research into human behaviour, strengthening its societal reach and impact.

  • We publish a range of content types including original research articles, Reviews, Perspectives, Comments, News, and Features that elaborate on significant advances in the field and cover topical issues.

  • Nature Human Behaviour is staffed by a dedicated team of professional editors, with relevant research backgrounds. It is led by Stavroula Kousta, formerly the Editor of Trends in Cognitive Sciences and Senior Editor at PLOS Biology, and also includes John Carson, Aisha Bradshaw, Anne-Marike Schiffer, and Mary Elizabeth Sutherland.

  • In addition to our in-house editors, Nature Human Behaviour has an external advisory panel to assist journal development in science and policy.

  • Contact information for editorial staff, submissions, the press office, institutional access and advertising at Nature Human Behaviour

Videos

  • Witchcraft beliefs are and have been widespread in human societies, but what impact do they have on social interactions and what cultural evolutionary function might they serve? Field experiments and network data show that the witchcraft label ‘Zhu’ influences labour-sharing and reproductive choices in a large network of southwest Chinese villages. Zhu is not an indicator of prosociality, but may function to spite or damage rivals.

  • An illustration of neurofeedback training guided by an animated scenario [1]. Real-time modulations in the amygdala electrical fingerprint signal are reflected by audiovisual changes in the unrest level of a virtual 3D scenario (a typical hospital waiting room), manifested as the ratio between characters sitting down and those loudly protesting at the counter. The video shows an example both for down- and up-regulation training; in the current study [1], only down-regulation training was conducted. The participant consented to appear in the video. 1. Keynan, J. N. et al. Nat Hum. Behav. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41562-018-0484-3 (2018)

  • Cultural products have a life of their own: academic papers get cited and songs get downloaded. While scholars have studied these patterns, we know little about how to model the decay of attention. In this study Candia and colleagues model the attention received by cultural products, including scientific papers, patents, songs, movies, and biographies, and show that all these decay following a universal bi-exponential function, which may be due to the differing functions of communicative and cultural collective memory [1]. [1]Candia, C., Jara-Figueroa, C., Rodriguez-Sickert, C., Barabási, A.-L. & Hidalgo, C. A. Nat. Hum. Behav. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41562-018-04... (2018).

Focus

Focus on Cooperation

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Focus on Cooperation

Cooperation lies at the heart of human lives and society. Understanding how and when it succeeds and fails is key to solving global challenges. In this Focus issue, we pull together papers from across the journal's broad disciplinary scope to understand the state of knowledge on cooperation and highlight future research directions.

John Carson

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