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NIH Clinical Trials Policy debate

In our February issue, read a range of authoritative views and guidance on NIH's new clinical trials policy, which affects the majority of US human behaviour researchers. 

Latest Research

  • Article |

    Using an imagery-perception paradigm, the authors find that imagined speech affects the perceived loudness of sound. They also show that early neural responses correlate with the loudness ratings, even without external stimulation.

    • Xing Tian
    • , Nai Ding
    • , Xiangbin Teng
    • , Fan Bai
    •  & David Poeppel
  • Perspective |

    Studying subtle signals of generosity is important to understand the long term maintenance of human cooperative networks. Certain types of low-cost food sharing among Martu women, for example, may signal commitment and cement cooperative ties.

    • Rebecca Bliege Bird
    • , Elspeth Ready
    •  & Eleanor A. Power
  • Review Article |

    Diener et al. synthesize findings from psychology and economics on subjective well-being across cultures and identify outstanding questions, priorities for future research and pathways to policy implementation.

    • Ed Diener
    • , Shigehiro Oishi
    •  & Louis Tay
  • Letter |

    Using fMRI data from healthy controls, the authors construct probabilistic maps of the multiple-demand and language-selective regions in the brain to classify patient lesions. They find that only multiple-demand-weighted lesion volumes predict deficits in fluid intelligence.

    • Alexandra Woolgar
    • , John Duncan
    • , Facundo Manes
    •  & Evelina Fedorenko
  • Article |

    Waniek and colleagues show that individuals and communities can disguise themselves from detection online by standard social network analysis tools through simple changes to their social network connections.

    • Marcin Waniek
    • , Tomasz P. Michalak
    • , Michael J. Wooldridge
    •  & Talal Rahwan

News & Comment

  • World View |

    Obesity prevention has emphasized the individual person and created a narrative of blame. But by treating obesity as a socially transmitted disease, we can start to turn the tide of the obesity epidemic, says Tim Lobstein.

    • Tim Lobstein
  • Comment |

    Why isn’t there a strong relation between income and happiness? Why do people avoid or seek self-confirmatory or even false information? Why do they play the lottery and buy insurance? Taking account of belief-based utility can enable economics to make sense of these and a multitude of other puzzling phenomena.

    • George Loewenstein
    •  & Andras Molnar
  • News & Views |

    With just a handful of modifications to their social networks, individuals and groups can reduce the likelihood that they will be detected by others using standard social network analysis algorithms.

    • Sean F. Everton

About the Journal

  • Nature Human Behaviour publishes research of outstanding significance into any aspect of human behaviour: its psychological, biological, and social bases, as well as its origins, development, and disorders. The journal aims to enhance the visibility of research into human behaviour, strengthening its societal reach and impact.
  • We publish a range of content types including original research articles, Reviews, Perspectives, Comments, News, and Features that elaborate on significant advances in the field and cover topical issues.
  • Nature Human Behaviour is staffed by a dedicated team of professional editors, with relevant research backgrounds. It is led by Stavroula Kousta, formerly the Editor of Trends in Cognitive Sciences and Senior Editor at PLOS Biology, and also includes John Carson, Sara Constantino, and Anne-Marike Schiffer.
  • Editorial office, institutional access, advertising and marketing

Videos

  • Witchcraft beliefs are and have been widespread in human societies, but what impact do they have on social interactions and what cultural evolutionary function might they serve? Field experiments and network data show that the witchcraft label ‘Zhu’ influences labour-sharing and reproductive choices in a large network of southwest Chinese villages. Zhu is not an indicator of prosociality, but may function to spite or damage rivals.

Collection

Clinical Trials

guroldinneden / iStock Editorial / Getty Images Plus / Getty

Clinical Trials

As of January 25, 2018, the NIH, the biggest funder of biomedical research in the world, is implementing policy changes which will affect the majority of US laboratories working with human subjects. We think it is vital for all parties, external stakeholders and the public to engage in an informed, productive debate about these developments to identify issues and opportunities. In this special collection of commissioned opinion pieces, representatives of international funding agencies and science regulators, non-profit organizations and think tanks, and leading basic and clinical researchers in the US and Europe contribute novel, thought-provoking arguments. In an accompanying Q&A, Michael Lauer of the NIH addresses questions regarding the implementation and gives advice on future grant applications.

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