Articles

  • Article | | open

    The common vampire bat (Desmodus rotundus) is one of only three obligate blood-feeding mammals. By sequencing both its genome and gut metagenome, the authors provide a holistic view of the evolutionary adaptations that underlie this unusual diet.

    • M. Lisandra Zepeda Mendoza
    • , Zijun Xiong
    • , Marina Escalera-Zamudio
    • , Anne Kathrine Runge
    • , Julien Thézé
    • , Daniel Streicker
    • , Hannah K. Frank
    • , Elizabeth Loza-Rubio
    • , Shengmao Liu
    • , Oliver A. Ryder
    • , Jose Alfredo Samaniego Castruita
    • , Aris Katzourakis
    • , George Pacheco
    • , Blanca Taboada
    • , Ulrike Löber
    • , Oliver G. Pybus
    • , Yang Li
    • , Edith Rojas-Anaya
    • , Kristine Bohmann
    • , Aldo Carmona Baez
    • , Carlos F. Arias
    • , Shiping Liu
    • , Alex D. Greenwood
    • , Mads F. Bertelsen
    • , Nicole E. White
    • , Michael Bunce
    • , Guojie Zhang
    • , Thomas Sicheritz-Pontén
    •  & M. P. Thomas Gilbert
  • Article |

    Gene-based predictive models of trophic modes reveal the Asgard archaea are not phagocytotic, and suggest instead that the origin of phagocytosis required an ancestral archaeal input of cytoskeleton components, a suite of bacterial proteins centred around calcium signalling, and a certain degree of innovation.

    • John A. Burns
    • , Alexandros A. Pittis
    •  & Eunsoo Kim
  • Article |

    Detecting selection events shared across human populations is challenging. Here, the authors identify overlapping and shared signatures of positive selection across human populations and connect shared targets of selection with potential biological mechanisms.

    • Kelsey Elizabeth Johnson
    •  & Benjamin F. Voight
  • Article |

    A survey of black-grass occurrence and herbicide resistance on farms across the United Kingdom suggests that resistance drives weed density and that cyclical or combination herbicide application does not reduce resistance evolution.

    • Helen L. Hicks
    • , David Comont
    • , Shaun R. Coutts
    • , Laura Crook
    • , Richard Hull
    • , Ken Norris
    • , Paul Neve
    • , Dylan Z. Childs
    •  & Robert P. Freckleton
  • Article | | open

    Asexual vertebrates are extremely rare. Here, the authors sequence the genome of the Amazon molly, an asexual fish, and find few signs of genetic degeneration but clonal polymorphism and high heterozygosity, which might explain the success of this species.

    • Wesley C. Warren
    • , Raquel García-Pérez
    • , Sen Xu
    • , Kathrin P. Lampert
    • , Domitille Chalopin
    • , Matthias Stöck
    • , Laurence Loewe
    • , Yuan Lu
    • , Lukas Kuderna
    • , Patrick Minx
    • , Michael J. Montague
    • , Chad Tomlinson
    • , LaDeana W. Hillier
    • , Daniel N. Murphy
    • , John Wang
    • , Zhongwei Wang
    • , Constantino Macias Garcia
    • , Gregg C. W. Thomas
    • , Jean-Nicolas Volff
    • , Fabiana Farias
    • , Bronwen Aken
    • , Ronald B. Walter
    • , Kim D. Pruitt
    • , Tomas Marques-Bonet
    • , Matthew W. Hahn
    • , Susanne Kneitz
    • , Michael Lynch
    •  & Manfred Schartl
  • Article | | open

    The marbled crayfish is an emerging invasive species in freshwater habitats. Here, the authors sequence the genome of the marbled crayfish and show that evolution of this decapod crustacean involved genome duplication, triploidy and clonal expansion.

    • Julian Gutekunst
    • , Ranja Andriantsoa
    • , Cassandra Falckenhayn
    • , Katharina Hanna
    • , Wolfgang Stein
    • , Jeanne Rasamy
    •  & Frank Lyko
  • Article | | open

    Eusociality evolved independently in Hymenoptera and in termites. Here, the authors sequence genomes of the German cockroach and a drywood termite and provide insights into the evolutionary signatures of termite eusociality.

    • Mark C. Harrison
    • , Evelien Jongepier
    • , Hugh M. Robertson
    • , Nicolas Arning
    • , Tristan Bitard-Feildel
    • , Hsu Chao
    • , Christopher P. Childers
    • , Huyen Dinh
    • , Harshavardhan Doddapaneni
    • , Shannon Dugan
    • , Johannes Gowin
    • , Carolin Greiner
    • , Yi Han
    • , Haofu Hu
    • , Daniel S. T. Hughes
    • , Ann-Kathrin Huylmans
    • , Carsten Kemena
    • , Lukas P. M. Kremer
    • , Sandra L. Lee
    • , Alberto Lopez-Ezquerra
    • , Ludovic Mallet
    • , Jose M. Monroy-Kuhn
    • , Annabell Moser
    • , Shwetha C. Murali
    • , Donna M. Muzny
    • , Saria Otani
    • , Maria-Dolors Piulachs
    • , Monica Poelchau
    • , Jiaxin Qu
    • , Florentine Schaub
    • , Ayako Wada-Katsumata
    • , Kim C. Worley
    • , Qiaolin Xie
    • , Guillem Ylla
    • , Michael Poulsen
    • , Richard A. Gibbs
    • , Coby Schal
    • , Stephen Richards
    • , Xavier Belles
    • , Judith Korb
    •  & Erich Bornberg-Bauer
  • Article |

    Here, a biogeographical model reconstructs ancestral locations of dinosaurs, revealing the spatial mechanisms underpinning their lengthy radiation process over 170 million years: initially rapid, movement slowed towards the time of their extinction.

    • Ciara O’Donovan
    • , Andrew Meade
    •  & Chris Venditti
  • Article |

    A continent-wide analysis of community assembly in European beech forests shows different emphasis on historical or environmental effects on species pools across different scales.

    • Borja Jiménez-Alfaro
    • , Marco Girardello
    • , Milan Chytrý
    • , Jens-Christian Svenning
    • , Wolfgang Willner
    • , Jean-Claude Gégout
    • , Emiliano Agrillo
    • , Juan Antonio Campos
    • , Ute Jandt
    • , Zygmunt Kącki
    • , Urban Šilc
    • , Michal Slezák
    • , Lubomír Tichý
    • , Ioannis Tsiripidis
    • , Pavel Dan Turtureanu
    • , Mariana Ujházyová
    •  & Thomas Wohlgemuth
  • Article |

    It is unclear how evolutionary changes at enhancers affect the transcription of target genes. Measuring nascent transcription in CD4+ T cells in primates, the authors show that the effects of evolutionary changes in enhancers are buffered at the transcriptional level.

    • Charles G. Danko
    • , Lauren A. Choate
    • , Brooke A. Marks
    • , Edward J. Rice
    • , Zhong Wang
    • , Tinyi Chu
    • , Andre L. Martins
    • , Noah Dukler
    • , Scott A. Coonrod
    • , Elia D. Tait Wojno
    • , John T. Lis
    • , W. Lee Kraus
    •  & Adam Siepel
  • Article |

    A new titanosaurian sauropod, Mansourasaurus, is the most complete terrestrial vertebrate from the post-Cenomanian Cretaceous of the African mainland. Phylogenetic analyses reveal the existence of a titanosaurian clade inhabiting both Africa and Europe at this time and a faunal connection between the two continents.

    • Hesham M. Sallam
    • , Eric Gorscak
    • , Patrick M. O’Connor
    • , Iman A. El-Dawoudi
    • , Sanaa El-Sayed
    • , Sara Saber
    • , Mahmoud A. Kora
    • , Joseph J. W. Sertich
    • , Erik R. Seiffert
    •  & Matthew C. Lamanna
  • Article |

    Genome-wide data from all plains zebra subspecies reveal a population genetic structure at odds with morphology-based subspecies delineation, modern and ancient variation, and a probable southern African origin of all extant populations.

    • Casper-Emil T. Pedersen
    • , Anders Albrechtsen
    • , Paul D. Etter
    • , Eric A. Johnson
    • , Ludovic Orlando
    • , Lounes Chikhi
    • , Hans R. Siegismund
    •  & Rasmus Heller
  • Article |

    Metagenomic and metaproteomic analysis of soil from a 17-year tropical forest fertilization experiment supports the hypothesis that microbial communities respond to nutrient deficiency by enhancing the extraction of phosphorus from recalcitrant substrates.

    • Qiuming Yao
    • , Zhou Li
    • , Yang Song
    • , S. Joseph Wright
    • , Xuan Guo
    • , Susannah G. Tringe
    • , Malak M. Tfaily
    • , Ljiljana Paša-Tolić
    • , Terry C. Hazen
    • , Benjamin L. Turner
    • , Melanie A. Mayes
    •  & Chongle Pan
  • Article |

    Carbon isotopic analysis reveals global biogeographic traits in shark trophic interactions, and sheds light on the diverse foraging behaviour of sharks.

    • Christopher S. Bird
    • , Ana Veríssimo
    • , Sarah Magozzi
    • , Kátya G. Abrantes
    • , Alex Aguilar
    • , Hassan Al-Reasi
    • , Adam Barnett
    • , Dana M. Bethea
    • , Gérard Biais
    • , Asuncion Borrell
    • , Marc Bouchoucha
    • , Mariah Boyle
    • , Edward J. Brooks
    • , Juerg Brunnschweiler
    • , Paco Bustamante
    • , Aaron Carlisle
    • , Diana Catarino
    • , Stéphane Caut
    • , Yves Cherel
    • , Tiphaine Chouvelon
    • , Diana Churchill
    • , Javier Ciancio
    • , Julien Claes
    • , Ana Colaço
    • , Dean L. Courtney
    • , Pierre Cresson
    • , Ryan Daly
    • , Leigh de Necker
    • , Tetsuya Endo
    • , Ivone Figueiredo
    • , Ashley J. Frisch
    • , Joan Holst Hansen
    • , Michael Heithaus
    • , Nigel E. Hussey
    • , Johannes Iitembu
    • , Francis Juanes
    • , Michael J. Kinney
    • , Jeremy J. Kiszka
    • , Sebastian A. Klarian
    • , Dorothée Kopp
    • , Robert Leaf
    • , Yunkai Li
    • , Anne Lorrain
    • , Daniel J. Madigan
    • , Aleksandra Maljković
    • , Luis Malpica-Cruz
    • , Philip Matich
    • , Mark G. Meekan
    • , Frédéric Ménard
    • , Gui M. Menezes
    • , Samantha E. M. Munroe
    • , Michael C. Newman
    • , Yannis P. Papastamatiou
    • , Heidi Pethybridge
    • , Jeffrey D. Plumlee
    • , Carlos Polo-Silva
    • , Katie Quaeck-Davies
    • , Vincent Raoult
    • , Jonathan Reum
    • , Yassir Eden Torres-Rojas
    • , David S. Shiffman
    • , Oliver N. Shipley
    • , Conrad W. Speed
    • , Michelle D. Staudinger
    • , Amy K. Teffer
    • , Alexander Tilley
    • , Maria Valls
    • , Jeremy J. Vaudo
    • , Tak-Cheung Wai
    • , R. J. David Wells
    • , Alex S. J. Wyatt
    • , Andrew Yool
    •  & Clive N. Trueman
  • Article |

    Evolutionary distinctness is used as a metric to determine conservation priorities across all Chondrichthyes, identifying 21 countries with the highest richness, endemism and evolutionary distinctness of threatened species as targets.

    • R. William Stein
    • , Christopher G. Mull
    • , Tyler S. Kuhn
    • , Neil C. Aschliman
    • , Lindsay N. K. Davidson
    • , Jeffrey B. Joy
    • , Gordon J. Smith
    • , Nicholas K. Dulvy
    •  & Arne O. Mooers
  • Article |

    Genetic sex determination (GSD) is more common in animals than environmental sex determination. Here, the authors show that the prevalence of GSD is due to the coupling of genes that bias offspring sex ratios towards one sex with genes that are beneficial in that sex but costly in the other.

    • Pavitra Muralidhar
    •  & Carl Veller
  • Article |

    Ancient DNA from victims of a sixteenth-century disease in Mexico suggests that Salmonella enterica Paratyphi C (enteric fever) was responsible for a devastating epidemic that closely followed European presence in the region.

    • Åshild J. Vågene
    • , Alexander Herbig
    • , Michael G. Campana
    • , Nelly M. Robles García
    • , Christina Warinner
    • , Susanna Sabin
    • , Maria A. Spyrou
    • , Aida Andrades Valtueña
    • , Daniel Huson
    • , Noreen Tuross
    • , Kirsten I. Bos
    •  & Johannes Krause
  • Article |

    Hybridization is an important evolutionary process. Here, the authors study isolated populations of the hybrid Italian sparrow and identify several novel and fully functional hybrid genomic combinations that arose independently in different islands.

    • Anna Runemark
    • , Cassandra N. Trier
    • , Fabrice Eroukhmanoff
    • , Jo S. Hermansen
    • , Michael Matschiner
    • , Mark Ravinet
    • , Tore O. Elgvin
    •  & Glenn-Peter Sætre
  • Article |

    Long-term maintenance of genetic polymorphism by balancing selection is rare. Here, the authors show that a polymorphism that impacts the physiology of nitrogen fixation has been maintained for tens of millions of years of diversification in a thermophilic cyanobacterium.

    • Emiko B. Sano
    • , Christopher A. Wall
    • , Patrick R. Hutchins
    •  & Scott R. Miller