Interlibrary Loan (ILL) - Academic institutions

Interlibrary Loan (ILL) is permitted in print format (but not electronically). Single copies of individual articles may be reproduced for distribution without charge to individual libraries of not-for-profit, non-commercial organizations in accordance with fair usage guidelines. Author reprints, commercial reprints and single issue sales in print may be purchased in lieu of ILL. For further information, please see reprints and permissions.

Licensed material, use of

Academic institutions - teaching staff may reproduce individual articles from licensed material for distribution to students accredited to the Licensee.

Corporate and government institutions - authorized users may print and/or download individual articles and other individual items from searches of the licensed content for research and regulatory purposes in the furtherance of the Licensee's business.


NPG's post-cancellation policy ensures institutional customers can retain access to all licensed material upon cancellation of the license agreement. It is applicable to all institutional customers with a license agreement signed in 2006 or thereafter. Access is subject to payment of an annual access fee.

The access fee supports the costs of hosting content and related customer service. It is payable per publication. Access fees do not apply to customers with a current license to the relevant publication.

NPG's post-cancellation policy applies as far as possible to all journals published by NPG. Post-cancellation rights do not apply to those journals that offer open archives after 12 months, and some journals owned by scholarly societies may adopt different policies. Any exceptions to the policy are indicated on the license agreement.

See also Nature Publishing Group introduces post-cancellation rights to licensed web content, September 28, 2005.

Publishing polices

Publishing policies are available on our web site for authors, authors@npg, and the individual journal sites. These policies include statements on:

  • Competing financial interests
  • Confidentiality (authors)
  • Confidentiality (reviewers)
  • Correction and retraction policy
  • Data availability
  • Editorial independence
  • Embargo
  • Ethics of animal experiments

Open access & alternative publishing models

Open access publishing models and policies have been at the heart of NPG’s business development and strategic thinking throughout the last decade.

Hybrid journals pricing: In 2010 we announced that 2012 site license pricing for hybrid open access journals will be determined by the percentage change in the amount of subscription access articles. This means the subscription price will be based only on the amount of subscribed content, independent of the open access content. We do not ‘double-dip’ by factoring open access content in the site license price. 

It remains our current policy that NPG-owned journals whose subscription content changes by more than 10% when comparing the previous two years will have their site license price adjusted. For example, our 2015 price adjustment, set in 2014, is based on the change in subscription content for 2012/13. Annual inflationary increases will still apply. Read more about our site license price adjustments on NPG-owned journals with open access options here.  

For information about open access and alternative publishing models, please visit our open access page on the librarian gateway here.


Authors of original research papers published by NPG are encouraged to submit the author's version of the accepted, peer-reviewed manuscript to their relevant funding body's archive, for release six months after publication. In addition, authors are also encouraged to archive their version of the manuscript in their institution's repositories (as well as on their personal web sites), also six months after the original publication.

See also Nature Publishing Group announces change to self-archiving policy, January 10, 2005, NPG's License to Publish and our Manuscript Deposition Service.