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This web focus features papers from Laboratory Investigation and Modern Pathology that present new models and techniques, diagnostic advances, mechanistic insights and potential innovative therapies for NAFLD and NASH.Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most prevalent chronic liver disease worldwide.
This United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology training course will give listeners an introduction to the pathology of COVID-19, with an emphasis on the lung, which is the main target of this disease. This charismatic and evocative review of a multi-institutional collaborative investigation of COVID autopsies will inform and stimulate you.
Detailed protocols for immunohistochemical and in situ hybridization assays for the detection of SARS-CoV-2 are provide so they can be readily implemented in pathology laboratories and medical examiner offices for diagnostic and research purposes. These assays were found to represent a sensitive and specific method for detecting the virus in tissue samples.
PCP4/PEP19 knockdown in neuroblastoma cells induce neurite outgrowth, upregulation of NeuroD1 and downregulation of Ascl1 expression, suggesting that PCP4/PEP19 can suppress neurite outgrowth and neuronal differentiation through the regulation of NeuroD1 and Ascl1. Immunohistochemistry shows nuclear localization of PCP4/PEP19 in neuroblastoma cells. PCP4/PEP19 may therefore be an intranuclear negative regulator of neuronal differentiation.
The therapeutic effects of CP-25 on experimental Sjögren’s syndrome has been shown to be associated with the inhibition of the JAK1-STAT1/2-CXCL13 signaling pathway in HSGEC, which impedes the migration of B cells into the salivary gland. The study provides an experimental foundation for CP-25 as a potential drug in the treatment of human autoimmune disorder, Sjögren’s syndrome.
Liquid biopsy is a novel promising, but technically challenging tool in oncology. We compared various circulating DNA extraction and sequencing systems used within four Swiss laboratories. Results were highly congruent, with perfect sensitivity down to 1% mutation frequency. We also determined several key factors to validate when implementing such tests.
The authors demonstrate that cholestasis impairs hepatic lipid storage via AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) and CREB signaling in hepatitis B virus surface protein transgenic mice. The pharmacological modulation of AMPK and CREB signaling might be a promising therapeutic concept for the treatment of fatty liver diseases.
MiR-126-5p expression decreases abdominal aorta dilation in mice with Ang II-induced abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA), and its agomirs limit experimental AAA formation. MiR-126-5p inhibits Ang II- and PDGF-BB-induced dedifferentiation of aortic smooth muscle cells (AoSMCs) in vitro. MiR-126-5p promotes contractile switching of AoSMCs exposed to Ang II by targeting VEPH1.