Journal of Human Genetics

TABLE 3

FROM:

The Indian origin of paternal haplogroup R1a1* substantiates the autochthonous origin of Brahmins and the caste system

Swarkar Sharma, Ekta Rai, Prithviraj Sharma, Mamata Jena, Shweta Singh, Katayoon Darvishi, Audesh K Bhat, A J S Bhanwer, Pramod Kumar Tiwari and Rameshwar N K Bamezai

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Table 3. Age of Microsatellite variations based on pooled variance of 6Y-STRs within R1a1* and R1a* lineages in different population groups

    Age a Age b
Haplogroup Population group (n) Variance Age [95% CI] (in years) Age [95% CI] (in years)
R1a1* Overall population (979)0.3613043.48(9473.68–20930.23)16695.65[12126.32–26790.70]
 Central Asia (127)0.248695.65(6315.79–13953.49)11130.43[8084.21–17860.47]
 Europe and Near East (119)0.3111231.88(8157.89–18023.26)14376.81[10442.11–23069.77]
 Pakistan (224)0.4014492.75(10526.32–23255.81)18550.72[13473.68–29767.44]
  India (Total) (509) 0.38 13768.12 (1000022093.02) 17623.19 [1280028279.07]
 India (Tribes + Dalits) (256)0.4114855.07(10789.47–23837.21)19014.49[13810.53–30511.63]
 India (Tribes) (140)0.4014492.75(10526.32–23255.81)18550.72[13473.68–29767.44]
 India (Brahmins) (253)0.3412318.84(8947.37–19767.44)15768.12[11452.63–25302.33]
       
 Kashmiri Pandits (10)0.5218840.58(13684.21–30232.56)24115.94[17515.79–38697.67]
 Himachal Brahmins (9)0.4315579.71(11315.79–25000.00)19942.03[14484.21–32000.00]
 Bihar Brahmins (23)0.3010869.57(7894.74–17441.86)13913.04[10105.26–22325.58]
 UP Brahmins (21)0.3512681.16(9210.53–20348.84)16231.88[11789.47–26046.51]
 Maharashtra Brahmins (40)0.2810144.93(7368.42–16279.07)12985.51[9431.58–20837.21]
 Gujarat Brahmins (21)0.3111231.88(8157.89–18023.26)14376.81[10442.11–23069.77]
 Punjab Brahmins (10)0.3211594.20(8421.05–18604.65)14840.58[10778.95–23813.95]
 MP Brahmins (16)0.279782.61(7105.26–15697.67)12521.74[9094.74–20093.02]
 Orissa Brahmins (10)0.3713405.80(9736.84–21511.63)17159.42[12463.16–27534.88]
 WB Brahmins (13)0.4014492.75(10526.32–23255.81)18550.72[13473.68–29767.44]
 Dravidian Brahmins (80)0.2910507.25(7631.58–16860.47)13449.28[9768.42–21581.40]
 Saharia Tribe (16)0.3613043.48(9473.68–20930.23)16695.65[12126.32–26790.70]
R1a*       
 Kashmir (9a)0.4315579.71(11315.79–25000.00)19942.03[14484.21–32000.00]
 Saharia Tribe (13)0.6021739.13(15789.47–34883.72)27826.09[20210.53–44651.16]
  India (22) 0.51 18478.26 (13421.0529651.16) 23652.17 [17178.9537953.49]

 Number of samples present in Haplogroup R1a1* or R1a*

a Seven extra R1a* samples were pooled (unpublished data).

 Agea: age calculated using generation time of 25 years. Ageb: age calculated using generation time of 32 years.

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