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FIGURE 1

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Microbial contributions to climate change through carbon cycle feedbacks

Richard D Bardgett, Chris Freeman and Nicholas J Ostle

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Figure 1.

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Direct and indirect effects of climate change on soil microbial communities and routes of feedback to global warming through carbon dioxide production. Direct effects include the influence on soil microbes and greenhouse gas production of temperature, changing precipitation and extreme climatic events, whereas indirect effects result from climate-driven changes in plant productivity and vegetation structure which alter soil physicochemical conditions, the supply of carbon to soil and the structure and activity of microbial communities involved in decomposition processes and carbon release from soil. Background image courtesy of Jill Colquhoun Bardgett.

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