Heredity

FIGURES AND TABLES

FROM:

Genetic origin, admixture and population history of aurochs (Bos primigenius) and primitive European cattle

M R Upadhyay, W Chen, J A Lenstra, C R J Goderie, D E MacHugh, S D E Park, D A Magee, D Matassino, F Ciani, H-J Megens, J A M van Arendonk, M A M Groenen, European Cattle Genetic Diversity Consortium  and RPMA Crooijmans 

BACK TO ARTICLE
Figure 1 - Unfortunately we are unable to provide accessible alternative text for this. If you require assistance to access this image, please contact help@nature.com or the author

Figure 1.

Native origin of sampled cattle breeds used in the population genetic analyses. Colours and shape refer to the geographic region of the breeds in the Europe (light green: British and Irish region breeds, light blue: Dutch region breeds, light yellow: Alpine breeds, light pink: Iberian region breed, lavender: Balkan-Italian breeds and dark yellow: Jersey breed). Breed abbreviations: AL, Alentejana; AN, Angler; AR, Arouquesa; AU, Aurochs; BC, Berrenda en Colorado; BK, Boskarin; BN, Berrenda en Negro; BS, Brown Swiss; BU, Busha; CA, Cardena; CC, Cachea; CH, Chianina; CL, Caldelana; DB, Dutch Belted; DF, Dutch Friesian; EL, English Longhorn; FL, Fleckvieh; GA, Galloway; GW, Groningen Whiteheaded; HE, Heck; HF, Holstein Friesian; HL, Highland; JE, Jersey; KC, Kerry cattle; LI, Lidia; LM, Limia; MA, Maremmana; MI, Mirandesa; MRY, Meuse Rhine Issel; MN, Maronesa; MT, Maltese; NE, Nelore; PA, Pajuna; PO, Podolica; RO, Romenian Grey; SA, Sayaguesa; TU, Tudanca; WP, White Park.

Full figure and legend (119K)
Figure 2 - Unfortunately we are unable to provide accessible alternative text for this. If you require assistance to access this image, please contact help@nature.com or the author

Figure 2.

PCA plot constructed for PC1 and PC2: (a) on the basis of all available samples; (b) excluding NE samples; (c) excluding MT, EL and NE samples. Samples are grouped based on their geographical region. Abbreviations: ALP, Alpine; AU, Aurochs; BAI, Balkan and Italy; BRI, British and Irish; EL, English Longhorn; MT, Maltese; HE, Heck; IBR, Iberian; JE, Jersey; MP, Maremmana X Pajuna; MT, Maltese; NE, Nelore; NLD, Dutch.

Full figure and legend (105K)
Figure 3 - Unfortunately we are unable to provide accessible alternative text for this. If you require assistance to access this image, please contact help@nature.com or the author

Figure 3.

ADMIXTURE analysis plot showing model-based population assignments for the values of K=2 (upper) and K=3 (lower). Almost all BAI, AU and HE samples display a possible zebu genetic component at K=2 and K=3. The number below each bar represents the number of samples for the respective population. Abbreviations: ALP, Alpine; BAI, Balkan and Italy; BRI, British and Irish; HE, Heck; IBR, Iberian; JE, Jersey; MP, Maremmana X Pajuna; NE, Nelore; NLD, Dutch. Breed abbreviations: AL, Alentejana; AN, Angler; AR, Arouquesa; BC, Berrenda en Colorado; BK, Boskarin; BN, Berrenda en Negro; BS, Brown Swiss; BU, Busha; CA, Cardena; CC, Cachea; CH, Chianina; CL, Caldela; DB, Dutch Belted; DF, Dutch Friesian; EL, English Longhorn; FL, Fleckvieh; GA, Galloway; GW, Groningen Whiteheaded; HE, Heck; HF, Holstein Friesian; HL, Highland; JE, Jersey; KC, Kerry Cattle; LI, Lidia; LM, Limia; MA, Maremmana; MA, Maltese; ME, Maronesa; MI, Mirandesa; MRY, Meuse Rhine Issel; NE, Nelore; PA, Pajuna; PO, Podolica; RO, Romanian Grey; SA, Sayaguesa; TU, Tudanca; WP, White Park.

Full figure and legend (183K)
Figure 4 - Unfortunately we are unable to provide accessible alternative text for this. If you require assistance to access this image, please contact help@nature.com or the author

Figure 4.

The plot displays total number of ROH segments and total ROH size (in Mbp) for all genotyped individuals. Many BAI and IBR samples display a total length comparable to samples from the BRI population. Abbreviations: ALP, Alpine; BAI, Balkan and Italy; BRI, British and Irish; HE, Heck; IBR, Iberian; JE, Jersey; NE, Nelore; NLD, Dutch.

Full figure and legend (95K)
Figure 5 - Unfortunately we are unable to provide accessible alternative text for this. If you require assistance to access this image, please contact help@nature.com or the author

Figure 5.

The plot displays breed-wise distribution of ROH segments for each individual in three size classes: (a) short ROH (0.5–2Mbp); (b) medium ROH (2–8Mbp) and (c) long ROH (>8Mbp). Abbreviations: ALP, Alpine; BAI, Balkan and Italy; BRI, British and Irish; IBR, Iberian; NLD, Dutch.

Full figure and legend (266K)
BACK TO ARTICLE