Genetic origin, admixture and population history of aurochs (Bos primigenius) and primitive European cattle

M R Upadhyay, W Chen, J A Lenstra, C R J Goderie, D E MacHugh, S D E Park, D A Magee, D Matassino, F Ciani, H-J Megens, J A M van Arendonk, M A M Groenen, European Cattle Genetic Diversity Consortium  and RPMA Crooijmans 


Figure 3.

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ADMIXTURE analysis plot showing model-based population assignments for the values of K=2 (upper) and K=3 (lower). Almost all BAI, AU and HE samples display a possible zebu genetic component at K=2 and K=3. The number below each bar represents the number of samples for the respective population. Abbreviations: ALP, Alpine; BAI, Balkan and Italy; BRI, British and Irish; HE, Heck; IBR, Iberian; JE, Jersey; MP, Maremmana X Pajuna; NE, Nelore; NLD, Dutch. Breed abbreviations: AL, Alentejana; AN, Angler; AR, Arouquesa; BC, Berrenda en Colorado; BK, Boskarin; BN, Berrenda en Negro; BS, Brown Swiss; BU, Busha; CA, Cardena; CC, Cachea; CH, Chianina; CL, Caldela; DB, Dutch Belted; DF, Dutch Friesian; EL, English Longhorn; FL, Fleckvieh; GA, Galloway; GW, Groningen Whiteheaded; HE, Heck; HF, Holstein Friesian; HL, Highland; JE, Jersey; KC, Kerry Cattle; LI, Lidia; LM, Limia; MA, Maremmana; MA, Maltese; ME, Maronesa; MI, Mirandesa; MRY, Meuse Rhine Issel; NE, Nelore; PA, Pajuna; PO, Podolica; RO, Romanian Grey; SA, Sayaguesa; TU, Tudanca; WP, White Park.