Heredity

TABLE 2

FROM:

Haldane's rule in the 21st century

M Schilthuizen, M C W G Giesbers and L W Beukeboom

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Table 2. Summary of studies of Haldane's Rule since 1996, as well as totals when combined with Coyne and Orr (2004), after removal of any overlap. (for a full list, see Supplementary Table 1)

TaxonSex determination This study: N (obeying Haldane′s Rule)This study: N (not obeying HR)Coyne and Orr, 2004 (based on Coyne, 1992) N (obeying HR)Total obeying
MammaliaMale heterogametySterility902534
  Inviability4015
Aves (birds)Female heterogametySterility312124
  Inviability215230245
ReptiliaFemale heterogametySterility01 0
  Inviability10 1
AmphibiaMultipleSterility01 0
  Inviability6628 66
Teleostei (fish)MultipleSterility50 5
  Inviability637 6
Insecta      
DipteraMale heterogametySterility170112129
  Inviability411317
HemipteraMale heterogametySterility10 1
  Inviability11 1
HymenopteraHaplodiploidySterility00 0
  Inviability40 4
ColeopteraMale heterogametySterility30 3
  Inviability1a1 1
LepidopteraFemale heterogametySterility611117
  Inviability412933
       
CrustaceaMale heterogametySterility05 0
  Inviability00 0
GastropodaFemale heterogametySterility01 0
  Inviability10 1
NematodaMale heterogametySterility00 0
  Inviability10 1
       
Total SterilityN=4410 (19%)169213
  InviabilityN=30871 (19%)73381

 Abbreviation: HR, Haldane's Rule.

a Deformities.

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