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2015 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2015 was awarded to William C. Campbell, Satoshi Ōmura and Youyou Tu.
William Campbell and Satoshi Ōmura shared one-half of the prize for their discoveries of a new drug, Avermectin, that was highly effective against a spectrum of parasitic worm infections. The derivatives of this compound are currently being used to eradicate and prevent the transmission of River Blindness and Lymphatic Filariasis.
Youyou Tu was awarded the other half of the Nobel Prize for her discovery of Artemisinin, a drug that has become a frontline treatment for malaria and has significantly reduced the mortality rates for patients suffering from this disease worldwide.
In celebration, NPG is making available a range of articles from its journal archives that feature these scientists’ remarkable achievements and highlight recent progress in these fields.
Image Credit: EYE OF SCIENCE/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY