British Journal of Cancer

FIGURE 1

FROM:

Distinguishing blood and lymph vessel invasion in breast cancer: a prospective immunohistochemical study

G G Van den Eynden, I Van der Auwera, S J Van Laere, C G Colpaert, P van Dam, L Y Dirix, P B Vermeulen and E A Van Marck

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Figure 1.

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Overview of the histological and immunohistochemical stainings on consecutive slides, used to differentiate between BVI (upper row: A, B and C) and LVI (lower row: D, E and F). Tumour cell emboli are indicated with black arrows. A and D: HE staining showing the presence of vascular invasion. B and E: On CD34 staining, both blood (C) and lymph (F) vessel endothelium stain positive. Furthermore, normal breast stromal cells are also CD34 positive (E). E and F: On D2-40 staining, the endothelium of vessels with BVI (B) and LVI (E) are respectively negative and positive. Desmoplastic stromal cells are also D2-40 positive (C). (BVI=blood vessel invasion, LVI=lymph vessel invasion).

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