Epidemiology

British Journal of Cancer (2017) 116, 536–539. doi:10.1038/bjc.2016.437 www.bjcancer.com
Published online 17 January 2017

The burden of occupationally-related cutaneous malignant melanoma in Britain due to solar radiation

Lesley Rushton1 and Sally J Hutchings1

1Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, MRC-PHE Centre for Environment and Health, Imperial College London, Norfolk Place, London W2 1PG, UK

Correspondence: Dr L Rushton, E-mail: l.rushton@imperial.ac.uk

Received 2 August 2016; Revised 3 December 2016; Accepted 8 December 2016
Advance online publication 17 January 2017

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Abstract

Background:

  

Increasing evidence highlights the association of occupational exposure and cutaneous malignant melanoma (CMM). We estimated the burden of CMM and total skin cancer burden in Britain due to occupational solar radiation exposure.

Methods:

  

Attributable fractions (AF) and numbers were estimated for CMM mortality and incidence using risk estimates from the published literature and national data sources for proportions exposed. We extended existing methods to account for the exposed population age structure.

Results:

  

The estimated total AF for CMM is 2.0% (95% CI: 1.4–2.7%), giving 48 (95% CI: 33–64) deaths in (2012) and 241 (95% CI: 168–325) registrations (in 2011) attributable to occupational exposure to solar radiation. Higher exposure and larger numbers exposed led to much higher numbers for men than women. Industries of concern are construction, agriculture, public administration and defence, and land transport.

Conclusions:

  

These results emphasise the urgent need to develop appropriate strategies to reduce this burden.

Keywords:

occupation; cancer; skin; melanoma