Table 1: Forest and industrial plantations (oil-palm and pulpwood combined) area and change by country.

From: Rapid conversions and avoided deforestation: examining four decades of industrial plantation expansion in Borneo

Areas (in Ha)BorneoKalimantanSabahSarawakBrunei
Total land area73,719,01153,342,2257,396,62112,400,501579,664
Forest area in 197355,836,57140,325,2205,833,4799,224,349453,523
Non forest area in 197316,349,57511,918,5461,233,9513,090,837106,241
Forest area loss (Deforestation):
1973–200013,933,35211,489,9561,398,7211,007,06437,611
2000–2005900,575495,872141,634261,3341735
2005–20101,969,6081,140,535204,522621,3523,199
2010–20151,847,2581,228,226117,498497,4434091
Total deforestation (1973–2015)18,650,79314,354,5891,862,3752,387,19346,636
Intact forest area in 201520,531,82216,798,0251,647,1491,756,476330,172
Logged forest area in 201516,802,8939,323,1262,322,1395,080,87176,757
Total forest area in 201537,334,71526,121,1513,969,2886,837,347406,929
Area of plantations in 1973132,8090128,0474,7620
Plantations expansion:
1973–1990952,979247,205601,175104,5990
1990–19951,014,415613,133279,000122,2820
1995–20001,510,327781,011382,608346,004704
2000–2005858,764484,981136,777236,730276
2005–20102,568,8341,882,201132,852552,790991
2010–20152,208,1961,690,168118,049399,325654
Total expansion (1973–2015)9,113,5155,698,6991,650,4611,761,7302,625
Total Area of plantations in 20159,246,3245,698,6991,778,5081,766,4922,625
Total forest area converted to plantations within five years of clearance* (1973–2015)4,537,0522,113,8151,086,4681,334,1682,601
Total forest area cleared more than five years before plantations were established (1973–2015)1,798,1141,623,82971,555102,72010
Total forest area cleared within five years or between five and ten years before plantations were established282,922211,29438,63032,98810
Total forest area converted to plantations during 1973–20156,968,9354,276,9101,212,4471,476,9572,621
Total area of land lacking forest cover in 1973 and converted to plantations (1973–2015)1,784,4531,258,184243,740282,5263
Total scrub area (i.e. forests severely degraded by fire) converted to plantations (1973–2015)1,469,7171,402,11548,31019,2920