Table 1: Sample information and results of the 14C and genetic analyses of the Neandertal remains from Goyet.

From: Neandertal cannibalism and Neandertal bones used as tools in Northern Europe

SpecimenRadiocarbon datingGenetic analysesAnthropogenic marks
IDDescriptionLab #14C age (BP)Calibrated age (calBP) 95% probability
2878–2D*Lower lt P2 (mandible 2878–8)GrA-5402832,190 +200, −19036,510–35,630
C5–1Lt parietal frag.Nean
Q53–4Rt humerus diaph. frag. (humerus III)GrA-5402239,870 +400, −35044,330–42,920
Q55–1Lt clavicle frag.GrA-5425737,860 +350, −31042,650–41,700C
Q55–4Rt tibia diaph. frag. (tibia IV)NeanC + N + P + R
Q56–1Rt femur diaph. frag. (femur I)GrA-4617038,440 +340, −30043,000–42,0801C + N + P
Q57–1Lt tibia diaph. frag. (tibia II)GrA-4617341,200 +500, −41045,630–43,9102C + N
Q57–2Rt femur diaph. frag. (femur II)GrA-5402436,590 +300, −27041,800–40,6202C + N + P
Q57–3Rt tibia diaph. frag. (tibia VI)GrA-6001938,260 +350, −31042,900–41,9602C + N
Q119–2Lt rib 7? frag.Nean
Q305–4Lt tibia diaph. frag. (tibia I)GrA-4617640,690 +480, −40045,150–43,4303C + N
Q305–7Rt tibia diaph. frag. (tibia III)1C + N + P + R
Q374a–1Rt tibia diaph. frag. (tibia V)1C + N + P + R
Q376–1Hand prox. phalanx 2-4GrA-4617839,140 +390, −34043,650–42,440
Q376–20Rt humerus diaph. frag. (humerus II)GrA-6001837,250 +320, −28042,240–41,290C + N?
  1. *This specimen may have been varnished resulting in a young age (Supplementary Note S6). For the calibration of the 14C ages, see Supplementary Note S6. Genetic analyses: 1–3 represent three distinct Neandertal mtDNA lineages, Nean: Neandertal status confirmed; Anthropogenic modifications: C: cutmarks, N: percussion notches, P: percussion pits, R: retoucher traces. All of the specimens are part of the RBINS collections and were excavated by E. Dupont in 1868.