Table 1: A manifesto for reproducible science.

From: A manifesto for reproducible science

table 1
Theme Proposal Examples of initiatives/potential solutions (extent of current adoption) Stakeholder(s)
Methods Protecting against cognitive biases All of the initiatives listed below (* to ****)
Blinding (**)
J, F
Improving methodological training Rigorous training in statistics and research methods for future researchers (*)
Rigorous continuing education in statistics and methods for researchers (*)
I, F
Independent methodological support Involvement of methodologists in research (**)
Independent oversight (*)
Collaboration and team science Multi-site studies/distributed data collection (*)
Team-science consortia (*)
I, F
Reporting and dissemination Promoting study pre-registration Registered Reports (*)
Open Science Framework (*)
J, F
Improving the quality of reporting Use of reporting checklists (**)
Protocol checklists (*)
Protecting against conflicts of interest Disclosure of conflicts of interest (***)
Exclusion/containment of financial and non-financial conflicts of interest (*)
Reproducibility Encouraging transparency and open science Open data, materials, software and so on (* to **)
Pre-registration (**** for clinical trials, * for other studies)
J, F, R
Evaluation Diversifying peer review Preprints (* in biomedical/behavioural sciences, **** in physical sciences)
Pre- and post-publication peer review, for example, Publons, PubMed Commons (*)
Incentives Rewarding open and reproducible practices Badges (*)
Registered Reports (*)
Transparency and Openness Promotion guidelines (*)
Funding replication studies (*)
Open science practices in hiring and promotion (*)
J, I, F
  1. Estimated extent of current adoption: *, <5%; **, 5-30%; ***, 30-60%; ****, >60%. Abbreviations for key stakeholders: J, journals/publishers; F, funders; I, institutions; R, regulators.