Large-scale invasive species control initiatives are motivated by laudable desires for native species recovery and economic benefits, but they are not without risk. Management interventions and policies should include evidence-based risk–benefit assessment and mitigation planning.

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Acknowledgements

Funding for R.K.K. to write this manuscript was provided by the 2016 Charles Sturt University, Faculty of Science, Academic Research Support Scheme.

Author information

Affiliations

  1. R. Keller Kopf, Dale G. Nimmo, Paul Humphries and Lee J. Baumgartner are at the Institute for Land Water and Society, Charles Sturt University, Albury, New South Wales 2640, Australia.

    • R. Keller Kopf
    • , Dale G. Nimmo
    • , Paul Humphries
    •  & Lee J. Baumgartner
  2. Michael Bode is in the Quantitative and Applied Ecology Group, School of Botany, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria 3010, Australia.

    • Michael Bode
  3. Nick R. Bond is at the Murray–Darling Freshwater Research Centre, LaTrobe University, PO Box 821, Wodonga, Victoria 3689, Australia.

    • Nick R. Bond
  4. Andrea E. Byrom is at Landcare Research, PO Box 69040, Lincoln 7640, New Zealand.

    • Andrea E. Byrom
  5. Julien Cucherousset is at Laboratoire Evolution et Diversité Biologique (EDB UMR 5174), Université de Toulouse, CNRS, ENFA, UPS, 118 route de Narbonne, F-31062 Toulouse, France.

    • Julien Cucherousset
  6. Reuben P. Keller is at the Institute of Environmental Sustainability, Loyola University Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60660, USA.

    • Reuben P. Keller
  7. Alison J. King is at the Research Institute for the Environment and Livelihoods, School of Environment, Charles Darwin University, Darwin, Northern Territory 0909, Australia.

    • Alison J. King
  8. Heather M. McGinness is at the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation, Canberra, Australian Capital Territory 2601, Australia.

    • Heather M. McGinness
  9. Peter B. Moyle is at the Center for Watershed Sciences, University of California, Davis, California 95616, USA.

    • Peter B. Moyle
  10. Julian D. Olden is in the School of Aquatic and Fishery Sciences, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195, USA.

    • Julian D. Olden

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Competing interests

Five of the authors have submitted a grant application to Australia's Fisheries Research and Development Corporation to assess the: ‘Ecological, social and socio-economic risks and benefits of releasing koi herpes virus to control common carp, Cyprinus carpio in Australia.’

Corresponding author

Correspondence to R. Keller Kopf.