Table 1: Hypotheses regarding which species attributes modify the response of species to different environmental drivers.

From: Cross-realm assessment of climate change impacts on species’ abundance trends

Environmental driver Modifying species attribute Hypothesis if driver is important for long-term population trends
Long-term temperature change Temperature preference More positive trends of warm-dwelling species over cold-dwelling species (Fig. 1).
Land-use change Habitat use or breadth More positive trends of species whose habitats have expanded or matured (for example, forest), have been less affected by human activities (for example, not farmland) or are habitat generalists.
Pollution Nitrogen/pollution tolerance More positive trends of species with a preference for or tolerance of nutrient-rich conditions.
Over-exploitation Exploited or not More positive trends of unexploited species over exploited species.