Optimisation of intravitreal injection technique using a Barraquer speculum with solid flat blade and finger stabilisation

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We would like to acknowledge Andrew Martin from the photography department at the Royal Derby Hospital for taking time to acquire the images.

Author information


  1. Ophthalmology and Vision Sciences, Division of Clinical Neurosciences, B Floor, EENT Centre, Queen’s Medical Centre, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK

    • Craig Wilde
    • , Andrew Ross
    • , Ali Poostchi
    •  & Winfried M Amoaku
  2. University Hospital, Queen’s Medical Centre, Nottingham, UK

    • Mary Awad


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Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Winfried M Amoaku.