Correspondence

Verrucous carcinoma of the esophagus—remains a diagnostic enigma

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References

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    Phillps HG, Balart L.A, Ferrante WA. Verrucous carcinoma of the esophagus: a wolf in sheep’s clothing. Am J Gastroenterol. 2003;98:S19

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    Ramani C, Shah N, Nathan RS. Verrucous carcinoma of the esophagus: a case report and literature review. World J Clin Cases. 2014;2:284–8.

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    Cox R, Welch C, Cameron D, et al. Gastrointestinal: verrucous cell carcinoma (VCC) of the esophagus: a rare variant of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). J Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2017;v. 32:544–544.

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    Hoffmann R, Hebenstreit A, Game P, et al. Verrucous carcinoma of the oesophagus. ANZ J Surgy. 2017. Epub 2017/01/25. https://doi.org/10.1111/ans.13844. PubMed PMID: 28116819.

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    Sweetser S, Jacobs NL, Wong Kee Song LM. Endoscopic diagnosis and treatment of esophageal verrucous squamous cell cancer. Dis Esophagus. 2014;27:452–456.

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Author information

Affiliations

  1. Department of Internal Medicine, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, AR, USA

    • Mohammad Al-Shoha MD
    • , Nayana George MBBS
    • , Saikiran Raghavapuram MD
    •  & Benjamin Tharian MD
  2. Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, AR, USA

    • Mohammad Al-Shoha MD
    • , Saikiran Raghavapuram MD
    •  & Benjamin Tharian MD
  3. Department of Pathology, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, AR, USA

    • Urooba Nadeem MD
    •  & Wesley Mallinger DO

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Guarantor of the article

Benjamin Tharian, MD.

Specific author contributions

M.A.: writing the manuscript, drafting, and final approval of the manuscript; U.N.: providing pathology images, drafting, and final approval of the manuscript; N.G.: drafting and final approval of the manuscript; S. R.: drafting and final approval of the manuscript; W.M.: providing the pathology mages, drafting, and final approval of the manuscript; and B. T.: drafting and final approval of the manuscript

Financial support

None.

Potential competing interests

None.

Consent

Patient passed away and next of kin are unreachable to obtain consent.

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Mohammad Al-Shoha MD.