IPCC Climate Change 2013: The Physical Science Basis (eds Stocker, T. F. et al.) (Cambridge Univ. Press, 2013).
Trenberth, K. E. et al. Global warming and changes in drought. Nature Clim. Change 4, 17–22 (2014).
Settele, J. et al. in Climate Change 2014: Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability (eds Stocker, T. F. et al.) Ch. 4 (IPCC, Cambridge Univ. Press, 2014).
Nepstad, D. C., Tohver, I. M., Ray, D., Moutinho, P. & Cardinot, G. Mortality of large trees and lianas following experimental drought in an Amazon forest. Ecology 88, 2259–2269 (2007).
Phillips, O. L. et al. Drought-mortality relationships for tropical forests. New Phytol. 187, 631–646 (2010).
Lindenmayer, D. B., Laurance, W. F. & Franklin, J. F. Global decline in large old trees. Science 338, 1305–1306 (2012).
Lutz, J. A., Larson, A. J., Swanson, M. E. & Freund, J. A. Ecological importance of large-diameter trees in a temperate mixed-conifer forest. PLoS ONE 7, e36131 (2012).
Wullschleger, S. D., Hanson, P. & Todd, D. Transpiration from a multi-species deciduous forest as estimated by xylem sap flow techniques. For. Ecol. Manag. 143, 205–213 (2001).
Meinzer, F. C. et al. Partitioning of soil water among canopy trees in a seasonally dry tropical forest. Oecologia 121, 293 (1999).
Stahl, C. et al. Depth of soil water uptake by tropical rainforest trees during dry periods: does tree dimension matter? Oecologia 173, 1191–1201 (2013).
Ryan, M. G., Phillips, N. & Bond, B. J. The hydraulic limitation hypothesis revisited. Plant Cell Environ. 29, 367–381 (2006).
Zhang, Y.-J. et al. Size-dependent mortality in a Neotropical savanna tree: the role of height-related adjustments in hydraulic architecture and carbon allocation. Plant Cell Environ. 32, 1456–1466 (2009).
McDowell, N. G. & Allen, C. D. Darcy's law predicts widespread forest mortality under climate warming. Nat. Clim. Change 5, 669–672 (2015).
McDowell, N. G., Bond, B. J., Hill, L., Ryan, M. G. & Whitehead, D. in Size and age related changes in tree structure and function (eds Meinzer, F.C. & Niinemets, U.) 255–286 (Springer Publishing, 2011).
Roberts, J., Cabral, O. M. R. & Aguiar, L. F. de. Stomatal and boundary-layer conductances in an Amazonian terra firme rain forest. J. Appl. Ecol. 27, 336–353 (1990).
Pfeifer, E. M., Hicke, J. A. & Meddens, A. J. H. Observations and modeling of aboveground tree carbon stocks and fluxes following a bark beetle outbreak in the western United States. Glob. Change Biol. 17, 339–350 (2011).
Chapin, F. S., Randerson, J. T., McGuire, A. D., Foley, J. A. & Field, C. B. Changing feedbacks in the climate–biosphere system. Front. Ecol. Environ. 6, 313–320 (2008).
Jiang, X. et al. Projected future changes in vegetation in western North America in the twenty-first century. J. Clim. 26, 3671–3687 (2013).
Allen, C. D. et al. A global overview of drought and heat-induced tree mortality reveals emerging climate change risks for forests. For. Ecol. Manag. 259, 660–684 (2010).
Breshears, D. D. et al. Regional vegetation die-off in response to global-change-type drought. Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. USA 102, 15144–15148 (2005).
Van Nieuwstadt, M. G. L. & Sheil, D. Drought, fire and tree survival in a Borneo rain forest, East Kalimantan, Indonesia. J. Ecol. 93, 191–201 (2005).
Condit, R., Hubbell, S. P. & Foster, R. B. Mortality rates of 205 neotropical tree and shrub species and the impact of a severe drought. Ecol. Monogr. 65, 419–439 (1995).
Mueller, R. C. et al. Differential tree mortality in response to severe drought: evidence for long-term vegetation shifts. J. Ecol. 93, 1085–1093 (2005).
Anderson-Teixeira, K. J. et al. Size-related scaling of tree form and function in a mixed-age forest. Funct. Ecol. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1365-2435.12470 (2015).
Poorter, H. et al. Biomass allocation to leaves, stems and roots: meta-analyses of interspecific variation and environmental control: Tansley review. New Phytol. 193, 30–50 (2012).
Condit, R. et al. Quantifying the deciduousness of tropical forest canopies under varying climates. J. Veg. Sci. 11, 649–658 (2000).
Laurance, W. F. & Williamson, G. B. Positive feedbacks among forest fragmentation, drought, and climate change in the Amazon. Conserv. Biol. 15, 1529–1535 (2001).
Doughty, C. E. et al. Drought impact on forest carbon dynamics and fluxes in Amazonia. Nature 519, 78–82 (2015).
da Costa, A. C. L. et al. Effect of 7 yr of experimental drought on vegetation dynamics and biomass storage of an eastern Amazonian rainforest. New Phytol. 187, 579–591 (2010).
Mattson, W. J. & Haack, R. A. the role of drought in outbreaks of plant-eating insects. BioScience 37, 110–118 (1987).