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Quantifying human impact on Earth's microbiome

The global effect of human activities on Earth's microbiota has not yet been considered. Here, we identify potential trajectories of microbial change, and highlight knowledge gaps that need to be addressed to better understand how microbial communities across the globe will change in the future.

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Author information

Affiliations

  1. Institute for Applied Ecology New Zealand, Auckland University of Technology, Auckland 1010, New Zealand.

    • Stephen B. Pointing
  2. Institute of Nature and Environmental Technology, Kanazawa University, Kanazawa 920-1192, Japan.

    • Stephen B. Pointing
  3. Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado 80309, USA.

    • Noah Fierer
  4. Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado 80309, USA.

    • Noah Fierer
  5. Program in Emerging Infectious Diseases, Duke-NUS Graduate Medical School, Singapore 169857, Singapore.

    • Gavin J. D. Smith
  6. WHO Collaborating Centre for Reference and Research on Influenza, Melbourne, Victoria 3000, Australia.

    • Gavin J. D. Smith
  7. Duke Global Health Institute, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27708, USA.

    • Gavin J. D. Smith
  8. Sydney Institute of Marine Science, Sydney, New South Wales 2088, Australia.

    • Peter D. Steinberg
  9. University of New South Wales, Sydney, New South Wales 2052, Australia.

    • Peter D. Steinberg
  10. Department of Food Science, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853, USA.

    • Martin Wiedmann

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Corresponding author

Correspondence to Stephen B. Pointing.