Brief Communication

histoCAT: analysis of cell phenotypes and interactions in multiplex image cytometry data

  • Nature Methods volume 14, pages 873876 (2017)
  • doi:10.1038/nmeth.4391
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Abstract

Single-cell, spatially resolved omics analysis of tissues is poised to transform biomedical research and clinical practice. We have developed an open-source, computational histology topography cytometry analysis toolbox (histoCAT) to enable interactive, quantitative, and comprehensive exploration of individual cell phenotypes, cell–cell interactions, microenvironments, and morphological structures within intact tissues. We highlight the unique abilities of histoCAT through analysis of highly multiplexed mass cytometry images of human breast cancer tissues.

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Acknowledgements

We would like to thank the Bodenmiller lab for support and fruitful discussions. Thank you to open-source softwares like “cyt”, “CellProfiler,” and many others. This work was supported by the Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF) R'Equip grant 316030-139220, an SNSF Assistant Professorship grant PP00P3-144874, a Swiss Cancer League grant, the PhosphonetPPM and MetastasiX SystemsX grants, and funding from the European Research Council (ERC) under the European Union′s Seventh Framework Programme (FP/2007-2013)/ERC Grant Agreement no. 336921. D. Schapiro was supported by the Forschungskredit of the University of Zurich, grant FK-74419-01-01, and the BioEntrepreneur-Fellowship of the University of Zurich, reference no. BIOEF-17-001. H.W.J. and D. Schulz are supported by European Molecular Biology Organization (EMBO) Long Term Fellowships cofunded by the European Commission (LTFCOFUND2013 and 2014), grants ALTF-711 2015 and ALTF-970 2014, respectively. H.W.J. was also supported by a Transition Postdoc Fellowship from the Swiss SystemsX.ch initiative ref. 2015/344, evaluated by the Swiss National Science Foundation.

Author information

Author notes

    • Swetha Raghuraman
    •  & Charlotte Giesen

    Present addresses: Institute of Cell Biology, ZMBE, University of Münster, Münster, Germany (S.R.) and F. Hoffmann-La Roche Ltd, Kaiseraugst, Switzerland (C.G.).

    • Denis Schapiro
    •  & Hartland W Jackson

    These authors contributed equally to this work.

Affiliations

  1. Institute of Molecular Life Sciences, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland.

    • Denis Schapiro
    • , Hartland W Jackson
    • , Swetha Raghuraman
    • , Jana R Fischer
    • , Vito R T Zanotelli
    • , Daniel Schulz
    • , Charlotte Giesen
    • , Raúl Catena
    •  & Bernd Bodenmiller
  2. Life Science Zurich Graduate School, ETH Zurich and University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland.

    • Denis Schapiro
    •  & Vito R T Zanotelli
  3. Institute of Surgical Pathology, University Hospital Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland.

    • Zsuzsanna Varga

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Contributions

D. Schapiro, H.W.J., and B.B. conceived of the project and software. H.W.J., C.G., and R.C. collected samples and validated antibodies. Z.V. assembled, classified, and provided tumor samples. H.W.J. completed the staining and image acquisition. D. Schapiro, S.R., and J.R.F. wrote the code. D. Schapiro, H.W.J., and D. Schulz tested software on multiple data sources. D. Schapiro, H.W.J., and V.R.T.Z. analyzed the images and single-cell data. D. Schapiro, H.W.J., and B.B. prepared the figures and wrote the manuscript. B.B. directed the project.

Competing interests

The authors declare no competing financial interests.

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Bernd Bodenmiller.

Supplementary information

PDF files

  1. 1.

    Supplementary Text and Figures

    Supplementary Figures 1–9, Supplementary Table 1 and Supplementary Notes 1–4.

  2. 2.

    Life Sciences Reporting Summary

    Life Sciences Reporting Summary

Excel files

  1. 1.

    Supplementary Table 2

    Patient Metadata

  2. 2.

    Supplementary Dataset 2

    Source Data for Supplementary Figure 3

Text files

  1. 1.

    Supplementary Dataset 1

    Source Data for Figure 2

Zip files

  1. 1.

    Supplementary Software 1

    histoCAT_MacOS12

Executable files

  1. 1.

    Supplementary Software 2

    histoCAT_Windows7

  2. 2.

    Supplementary Software 3

    histoCAT_Windows10