Article

High-power lithium ion microbatteries from interdigitated three-dimensional bicontinuous nanoporous electrodes

  • Nature Communications 4, Article number: 1732 (2013)
  • doi:10.1038/ncomms2747
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Abstract

High-performance miniature power sources could enable new microelectronic systems. Here we report lithium ion microbatteries having power densities up to 7.4 mW cm−2 μm−1, which equals or exceeds that of the best supercapacitors, and which is 2,000 times higher than that of other microbatteries. Our key insight is that the battery microarchitecture can concurrently optimize ion and electron transport for high-power delivery, realized here as a three-dimensional bicontinuous interdigitated microelectrodes. The battery microarchitecture affords trade-offs between power and energy density that result in a high-performance power source, and which is scalable to larger areas.

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Change history

  • Corrected online 19 April 2013

    The HTML version of this paper was updated shortly after publication, following a technical error that resulted in the wrong image being displayed for Fig. 2. The figure has now been corrected in the HTML; the PDF version of the paper was correct from the time of publication.

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Acknowledgements

The electrochemical aspects of this work is supported by the NSF Center for Chemical-Electro-Mechanical Manufacturing Systems and the 3D scaffold fabrication is supported by the Air Force Office of Scientific Research MURI FA9550-08-1-0407.

Author information

Affiliations

  1. Department of Mechanical Science and Engineering, University of Illinois, Urbana, Illinois 61801, USA

    • James H. Pikul
    • , Paul V. Braun
    •  & William P. King
  2. Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Illinois, Urbana, Illinois 61801, USA

    • Hui Gang Zhang
    • , Jiung Cho
    • , Paul V. Braun
    •  & William P. King
  3. Frederick Seitz Materials Research Laboratory, University of Illinois, Urbana, Illinois 61801, USA

    • Paul V. Braun
    •  & William P. King
  4. Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology, University of Illinois, Urbana, Illinois 61801, USA

    • Paul V. Braun
    •  & William P. King

Authors

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Contributions

J.H.P. developed the microbattery design and carried out the experiments. J.H.P., H.G.Z. and J.C. contributed to experimental design and data analysis. J.H.P, P.V.B. and W.P.K. wrote the manuscript. P.V.B and W.P.K supervised the project.

Competing interests

The authors declare no competing financial interests.

Corresponding authors

Correspondence to Paul V. Braun or William P. King.

Supplementary information

PDF files

  1. 1.

    Supplementary Information

    Supplementary Figures S1-S5, Supplementary Tables S1-S3, Supplementary Note 1-2, Supplementary Methods and Supplementary Reference

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