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References

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    et al. Quantifying global soil carbon losses in response to warming. Nature 540, 104–108 (2016)

  2. 2.

    & Influential observations, high leverage points, and outliers in linear regression. Stat. Sci. 1, 379–393 (1986)

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    et al. Responses of ecosystem carbon cycle to experimental warming: a meta-analysis. Ecology 94, 726–738 (2013)

  4. 4.

    et al. Toward more realistic projections of soil carbon dynamics by Earth system models. Glob. Biogeochem. Cycles 30, 40–56 (2016)

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Author information

Affiliations

  1. Climate Science Center, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, Texas 79409, USA.

    • Natasja van Gestel
  2. Department of Botany and Microbiology, University of Oklahoma, Norman, Oklahoma 73019, USA

    • Zheng Shi
  3. Geography, College of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Exeter, Exeter EX4 4RJ, UK.

    • Kees Jan van Groenigen
  4. Odum School of Ecology, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia 30602, USA

    • Craig W. Osenberg
  5. Department of Earth Sciences, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden

    • Louise C. Andresen
  6. Department of Forestry and Natural Resources, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907, USA

    • Jeffrey S. Dukes
  7. Department of Biological Sciences, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907, USA

    • Jeffrey S. Dukes
  8. School of Biological Sciences, University of Tasmania, Hobart, Tasmania 7001, Australia.

    • Mark J. Hovenden
  9. Center for Ecosystem Science and Society, Northern Arizona University, Flagstaff, Arizona 86011, USA

    • Yiqi Luo
    • , Edward A. G. Schuur
    •  & Bruce A. Hungate
  10. Department of Biology, Northern Arizona University, Flagstaff, Arizona 86011, USA

    • Yiqi Luo
    • , Edward A. G. Schuur
    •  & Bruce A. Hungate
  11. Department of Biology and Center for Permafrost, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark

    • Anders Michelsen
  12. Hawkesbury Institute for the Environment, Western Sydney University, Penrith, New South Wales 2751, Australia

    • Elise Pendall
    •  & Peter B. Reich
  13. Department of Forest Resources, University of Minnesota, St. Paul, Minnesota 55108, USA.

    • Peter B. Reich

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Contributions

N.v.G. extracted data from the literature and constructed the database. L.C.A., J.S.D., M.J.H., A.M., E.P., P.B.R, E.A.G.S., and B.A.H supplied non-published data from specific field warming experiments, Z.S., K.J.v.G., C.W.O. and Y.L. provided feedback on data analysis, N.v.G. performed the data analysis and wrote the manuscript draft. All authors contributed to interpretation of the findings and final writing of the manuscript.

Competing interests

The authors declare no competing financial interests.

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Natasja van Gestel.

Extended data

Supplementary information

PDF files

  1. 1.

    Supplementary Information

    This file contains Supplementary Methods, Supplementary Tables 1-3, Supplementary Figures 1-2, Supplementary References and the R codes.

CSV files

  1. 1.

    Supplementary Data 1

    This file contains the main data file to be used with the R code.

  2. 2.

    Supplementary Data 2

    This file contains Supplementary Data regarding bulk density and soil organic matter.

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