Materializing the future of vaccines and immunotherapy

Materials science has the potential to overcome some of the grand challenges facing the fields of immunology and immunotherapy. The floodgates are poised to open.

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Author information


  1. Department of Biological Engineering and Department of Materials Science & Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139, USA.

    • Darrell J. Irvine


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Competing interests

DJI is a co-founder of Vedantra Pharmaceuticals and Torque Biotherapeutics, and holds licensed patents in the area of vaccines and immunotherapy.

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Darrell J. Irvine.