Commentary | Published:

Scientists behaving badly

Nature volume 435, pages 737738 (09 June 2005) | Download Citation


To protect the integrity of science, we must look beyond falsification, fabrication and plagiarism, to a wider range of questionable research practices, argue Brian C. Martinson, Melissa S. Anderson and Raymond de Vries.

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This research was supported by the Research on Research Integrity Program, an ORI/NIH collaboration, with financial support from the National Institute of Nursing Research and an NIH Mentored Research Scientist Award to R.d.V. We thank the three anonymous reviewers, Nick N. Steneck and M. Sheetz for their insightful input and responses to earlier drafts.

Author information


  1. Brian C. Martinson is at the HealthPartners Research Foundation, 8100 34th Avenue South, PO Box 1524, Mailstop 21111R, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55440-1524, USA.

    • Brian C. Martinson
  2. Melissa S. Anderson is at the University of Minnesota, Educational Policy and Administration, 330 Wulling Hall, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55455, USA.

    • Melissa S. Anderson
  3. Raymond de Vries is at the University of Minnesota, Center for Bioethics, N504 Boynton, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55455, USA.

    • Raymond de Vries


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