Review

The Permo–Triassic extinction

Published online:

Abstract

The end-Permian mass extinction brought the Palaeozoic great experiment in marine life to a close during an interval of intense climatic, tectonic and geochemical change. Improved knowledge of latest Permian faunas, coupled with recent advances in isotopic studies and biostratigraphy, have greatly enhanced our understanding of the events of 250 million years ago and have begun to provide answers to many questions about the causes of extinction.

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Author information

Affiliations

  1. Department of Paleobiology, National Museum of Natural History, Washington DC 20560, USA.

    • Douglas H. Erwin

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